for English Language Learners (ELL) – those learning to speak English as a Second Language (ESL), or English as an Additional Language (EAL)
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The Verb BE – Asking Questions
There are two categories of questions.
1. Yes/No Questions
2. Information Questions
Lesson 6 – Asking Information Questions
To form an INFORMATION QUESTION with the verb be, use the same structure as Y/N Questions. Add a QUESTION WORD at the beginning.
Remember that the verb be must agree with the Subject. Refer to Lesson 1 for review on Subject-Verb Agreement with the verb be
These are the main QUESTION WORDS in English:
- How much?
- How many?
VERB (BE) – INFORMATION QUESTIONS
Basic Question Structure Using the Verb (be)
QUESTION WORD + VERB (be) + SUBJECT (pronoun)+ [proper noun, or adjective]
Why am I late?
Where are we going?
When are you leaving?
Who is he helping?
Why is she helping?
How many people is it helping?
What are they eating?
In spoken English:
- for a YES/NO question the voice goes UP in pitch (rises) at the end of the question
- for an INFORMATION question the voice goes DOWN in pitch (drops) at the end of the question